‘Saving Syria’s Children’ FOI request – appeal to General Regulatory Chamber

Following the BBC’s rejection of my Freedom of Information request for documents pertaining to the September 2013 BBC Panorama programme Saving Syria’s Children and the decision of the Information Commissioner’s Office not to uphold my appeal I have submitted a further appeal to the First-tier Tribunal (General Regulatory Chamber).

The key text of the appeal is reproduced below. A copy of the full appeal document is here.

3 May 2016 – The Tribunal has issued this response.


General Regulatory Chamber (GRC)

Notice of appeal

This form is for making an appeal to the First-tier Tribunal (General Regulatory Chamber). The First-tier Tribunal (General Regulatory Chamber) is administered by HM Courts & Tribunals Service, an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice, and is independent of regulators.

Please complete the form legibly, using black ink and CAPITAL LETTERS.

1) Your details
Name of appellant ROBERT STUART

5) Grounds of appeal
Please give your grounds of appeal.

Your grounds should explain why you think the decision notice you have been given is wrong. You may find it helpful to refer to the individual paragraphs you disagree with and explain why you disagree with them.

I BELIEVE THE DETAILED EVIDENCE SET OUT IN MY BLOG (HTTPS://BBCPANORAMASAVINGSYRIASCHILDREN.WORDPRESS.COM/) AMPLY DEMONSTRATES THAT THE BBC REPORTS IN QUESTION WERE LARGELY, IF NOT ENTIRELY, FABRICATED.

THIS EVIDENCE INCLUDES:

A) TESTIMONY FROM A COMMANDER IN THE FREE SYRIAN ARMY, STATIONED IN THE ALEPPO AREA AT THE TIME OF THE ALLEGED “NAPALM” ATTACK, AND FROM A LOCAL RESIDENT, STATING THAT THE INCIDENT REPORTED BY THE BBC DID NOT OCCUR.

B) THE IDENTIFICATION OF A NETHERLANDS RESIDENT WHO APPEARS TO HAVE PARTICIPATED IN SCENES FILMED ON THE DAY OF THE ALLEGED ATTACK, FRAUDULENTLY ASSUMING THE ROLE OF A VICTIM.

C) DISCREPANCIES OF UP TO SIX HOURS IN ACCOUNTS OF WHEN THE ALLEGED ATTACK TOOK PLACE. HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH CLAIM THE ALLEGED ATTACK OCCURRED “AROUND MIDDAY”. THE VIOLATIONS DOCUMENTATION CENTER IN SYRIA STATES IT WAS “AT 02:00 PM” AND DIRECTLY QUOTES ACTIVIST MUSTAPHA HAID SAYING HE HEARD RUMOURS ABOUT A CHEMICAL ATTACK “AT 3 IN THE AFTERNOON”. THIS IS DIRECTLY CONTRADICTED BY BBC REPORTER IAN PANNELL WHO CATEGORICALLY STATES IN BBC COMPLAINTS CORRESPONDENCE THAT “THE ATTACK HAPPENED ON THE 26TH OF AUGUST AT AROUND 5.30PM AT THE END OF THE SCHOOL DAY”. FURTHERMORE, THERE APPEARS TO BE DISAGREEMENT BETWEEN MR PANNELL AND HIS SOLE BBC COLLEAGUE ON THE REPORTS, CAMERAMAN DARREN CONWAY, WITH MR CONWAY STATING THAT THE ATTACK HAPPENED “BETWEEN THREE AND FIVE, SOMETHING LIKE THAT” (THIS MAY BE A REFERENCE TO THE TIME AT WHICH MR CONWAY BEGAN FILMING THE ALLEGED VICTIMS ARRIVING AT A NEARBY HOSPITAL, SOME TIME AFTER THE ALLEGED ATTACK, IN WHICH CASE MR CONWAY’S ESTIMATE IS EVEN FURTHER AT ODDS WITH MR PANNELL’S STATEMENT). THE VIDEO OF THE EVENT AT WHICH THE DISCREPANCY BETWEEN MR PANNELL AND MR CONWAY’S ACCOUNTS AROSE IS BEING WITHHELD BY THE ORGANISERS, THE FRONTLINE CLUB IN LONDON, ON WHAT I AND OTHERS WHO ATTENDED CONSIDER TO BE A WEAK PRETEXT. ANOTHER SUPPOSED WITNESS PUTS THE ALLEGED ATTACK AS OCCURRING POSSIBLY AS LATE AS 6PM.

D) EVIDENCE THAT TWO ALLEGED VICTIMS SHARED THE SAME HIGHLY DISTINCTIVE CLOTHING, SUGGESTING THAT AMATEUR ACTORS OR VOLUNTEERS WERE USED IN THE FILMING OF SCENES AT THE HOSPITAL CONCERNED.

E) THE PERSONAL CONNECTION BETWEEN BRITISH DOCTOR AND FORMER ARMY OFFICER DR. SALEYHA AHSAN, WHO IS FEATURED IN ‘SAVING SYRIA’S CHILDREN’, AND A BRITISH ARMY OFFICER WHO RUNS LARGE-SCALE MEDICAL SIMULATION EXERCISES WHICH “MIMIC EVEN THE MOST SEVERE OF INJURIES” AND WHICH EMPLOY “PROFESSIONAL CASUALTY SIMULATION (MAKE-UP) ARTISTS WHO NORMALLY WORK IN THE FILM INDUSTRY.” THESE TECHNIQUES COULD QUITE ADEQUATELY ACCOUNT FOR THE ALLEGED INJURIES SEEN IN THE BBC REPORTS. A CASUALTY SIMULATION COMPANY (HTTP://WWW.TRAUMAFX.CO.UK/) WHICH HAS SUPPORTED UK MILITARY EXERCISES FOR 10 YEARS STATES ON ITS WEBSITE THAT IT SPECIALISES IN “CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR” INJURY SIMULATION AND THAT IT IS A MOBILE TEAM WHICH CAN EASILY WORK INTERNATIONALLY AND IN ANY LOCATION. (SEE THIS VIDEO FROM 1:03:31 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lu6TlmHnd4c AND THIS PAGE FROM MY BLOG HTTPS://BBCPANORAMASAVINGSYRIASCHILDREN.WORDPRESS.COM/HOSPEX-MACRO-SIMULATION-TECHNIQUES/). NB: I DO NOT SUGGEST THAT TRAUMA FX OR ANY OF ITS STAFF WAS INVOLVED IN THE BBC’S REPORTS.

F) A LARGE NUMBER OF STARTLING INCONSISTENCIES BETWEEN ACCOUNTS OF THE ALLEGED EVENT PROVIDED BY DR SALEYHA AHSAN AND BETWEEN DR AHSAN’S ACCOUNTS OF THE ALLEGED EVENTS AND THOSE OF OTHERS PRESENT.

G) CONTRADICTIONS IN ACCOUNTS OF THE ALLEGED EVENT PROVIDED BY BBC REPORTER IAN PANNELL PLUS OTHER QUESTIONS SURROUNDING MR PANNELL’S REPORTING OF THE ALLEGED EVENT.

H) THE SELECTIVE BLOCKING BY BBC WORLDWIDE OF ALL YOUTUBE COPIES OF ‘SAVING SYRIA’S CHILDREN’, OVER AND ABOVE OTHER EDITIONS OF PANORAMA.

I) HIGHLY INCONGRUOUS IMAGES OF SUPPOSED VICTIMS OF THE ALLEGED ATTACK SMILING SHORTLY AFTER HAVING ALLEGEDLY BEEN BURNED WITH A “NAPALM-TYPE SUBSTANCE” AND EQUALLY INCONGRUOUS IMAGES OF SUPPOSED WITNESSES SMILING AND LAUGHING IN INTERVIEWS SHORTLY AFTER THE ALLEGED EVENTS.

J) MANY MORE EVIDENCE POINTS AND POTENTIAL EVIDENCE POINTS ANALYSED AND DISCUSSED ON MY BLOG, ALL POINTING TO THE BBC’S REPORTS BEING LARGELY IF NOT ENTIRELY FABRICATED.

MANY OF THE ABOVE EVIDENCE POINTS ARE DISCUSSED IN THIS VIDEO RECORDING OF A PRESENTATION THAT I GAVE FOR FROME STOP WAR ON 1 MARCH 2016 WHICH I RESPECTFULLY REQUEST THAT THE TRIBUNAL PANEL VIEWS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lu6TlmHnd4c

IN LIGHT OF ALL THE EVIDENCE COMPILED, I THEREFORE UNDERSTAND THE BBC REPORTS IN QUESTION TO HAVE CONTRAVENED ARTICLE 20 OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS, WHICH STATES:

1. ANY PROPAGANDA FOR WAR SHALL BE PROHIBITED BY LAW.
2. ANY ADVOCACY OF NATIONAL, RACIAL OR RELIGIOUS HATRED THAT CONSTITUTES INCITEMENT TO DISCRIMINATION, HOSTILITY OR VIOLENCE SHALL BE PROHIBITED BY LAW.

(HTTP://WWW.OHCHR.ORG/EN/PROFESSIONALINTEREST/PAGES/CCPR.ASPX)

THE UNITED KINGDOM IS A SIGNATORY TO THE COVENANT; THEREFORE I AM OWED AN ARTICLE 20 RIGHT BY THE UK GOVERNMENT.

6) Outcome of appeal
Please tell us what outcome you are seeking from your appeal

I BELIEVE THAT THE EVIDENCE WHICH I AND OTHERS HAVE GATHERED CLEARLY DEMONSTRATES THAT THE BBC HAS COMMITTED THE GREATEST BETRAYAL OF AUDIENCE TRUST IMAGINABLE BY A NEWS BROADCASTER – THE FABRICATION OF AN ATROCITY FOR THE PURPOSES OF WAR PROPAGANDA. SUCH AN EGREGIOUS TRANSGRESSION IS QUITE POSSIBLY UNIQUE IN THE HISTORY OF BROADCASTING.

I THEREFORE RESPECTFULLY ASK THE TRIBUNAL TO UPHOLD MY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REQUEST OF 14 JANUARY 2016 AND TO INSTRUCT THE BBC TO RELEASE ALL THE DOCUMENTATION REQUESTED FOR THE SCRUTINY OF MYSELF AND OTHER JOURNALISTS.

AS WELL AS IT BEING VERY STRONGLY IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST FOR THIS MATERIAL TO BE ACCESSIBLE, AS OUTLINED ABOVE ITS RELEASE WOULD FACILITATE MYSELF AND OTHERS IN PURSUING RIGHTS OWED UNDER ARTICLE 20 OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS.

8) Supporting document
Please list any documents that you wish the tribunal to consider in support of your appeal.

1) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REQUEST, 14 JANUARY 2016.

2) “FABRICATION IN BBC PANORAMA ‘SAVING SYRIA’S CHILDREN’” – PRINT OUT OF HOME PAGE OF MY BLOG (HTTPS://BBCPANORAMASAVINGSYRIASCHILDREN.WORDPRESS.COM/)

PLEASE NOTE THAT IN ORDER TO APPRECIATE THE DETAIL OF THE EVIDENCE POINTS PRESENTED I RESPECTFULLY REQUEST THAT THE TRIBUNAL PANEL FAMILIARISES ITSELF WITH THE FULL BLOG ONLINE AND FOLLOWS THE LINKS CONTAINED.

3) STATEMENT ON TWITTER (6 NOVEMBER 2015) BY DR CHRISTOPHER M. DAVIDSON, BA & MA (CAMBRIDGE); M.Litt & Ph.D (ST. ANDREWS); FHEA.

DR DAVIDSON IS READER IN MIDDLE EAST POLITICS, DURHAM UNIVERSITY AND AUTHOR OF ‘AFTER THE SHEIKHS: THE COMING COLLAPSE OF THE GULF MONARCHIES’ (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2013):

“THIS [SAVING SYRIA’S CHILDREN] WAS SO BADLY DONE IT IS NO WONDER THAT ALL COPIES OF THE DOCUMENTARY ARE BEING PURGED FROM YOUTUBE, ETC.”

https://twitter.com/dr_davidson/status/662594313122115584

4) BLOG POST (9 MARCH 2016) BY FORMER UK AMBASSADOR CRAIG MURRAY IN WHICH MR MURRAY LINKS TO VIDEO OF THE RECENT PRESENTATION I GAVE ABOUT ‘SAVING SYRIA’S CHILDREN’ AND IN WHICH MR MURRAY STATES:

“LET ME PIN MY COLOURS TO THE MAST AND SAY THAT I AM ABSOLUTELY CONVINCED THAT THE BBC DID DELIBERATELY AND KNOWINGLY FAKE EVIDENCE OF CHEMICAL ATTACKS.”

HTTPS://WWW.CRAIGMURRAY.ORG.UK/ARCHIVES/2016/03/MODERATE-REBELS-USE-YELLOW-PHOSPHORUS-KURDS-ALEPPO/

5) “IN THE AGE OF MEDIA MANIPULATION HOW MUCH CAN WE AFFORD TO TAKE ON TRUST? – OFFGUARDIAN WEBSITE, 22 SEPTEMBER 2015 (HTTP://OFF-GUARDIAN.ORG/2015/09/22/IN-THE-AGE-OF-MEDIA-MANIPULATION-HOW-MUCH-CAN-WE-AFFORD-TO-TAKE-ON-TRUST/)

THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES AN OFCOM FINDING AGAINST A TELEVISION PROGRAMME BY BROADCASTER RT WHICH EXPLORED THE ISSUES SURROUNDING THE BBC’S REPORTS. PLEASE NOTE THAT I DO NOT ENDORSE THE CONSTRUCTION THAT BOTH RT AND OFFGUARDIAN PUT UPON THE EDITING OF DR. ROLA HALLAM’S WORDS. HOWEVER THE ARTICLE DOES DEMONSTRATE THAT THE OFCOM FINDING IS, BY IT’S OWN ADMISSION, IN NO WAY A DEFENCE OF THE BBC MATERIAL AT ISSUE.

6) “MORE PUZZLES ABOUT BBC’S “SAVING SYRIA’S CHILDREN” DOCUMENTARY” – OFFGUARDIAN WEBSITE, 27 OCTOBER 2015 (HTTP://OFF-GUARDIAN.ORG/2015/10/27/MORE-PUZZLES-ABOUT-BBCS-SAVING-SYRIAS-CHILDREN-DOCUMENTARY/)

7) DR SALEYHA AHSAN: CONTRADICTIONS IN ACCOUNTS OF ALLEGED INCENDIARY BOMB ATTACK – PRINT OUT OF POST ON MY BLOG, 23 MARCH 2016

8) IAN PANNELL: CONTRADICTIONS IN ACCOUNTS OF ALEPPO SCHOOL BOMB ATTACK – PRINT OUT OF POST ON MY BLOG, 26 APRIL 2016.

10) Declaration

Signature of person appealing or their representative:

Date 26 APRIL 2016

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Ian Pannell: contradictions in accounts of Aleppo school bomb attack

Ian Pannell is the BBC reporter who “broke the Aleppo school bombing story“.

Pannell’s accounts of the event contain a number of inconsistencies and raise a number of queries, some of which are presented below. See links below each graphic for full references and further discussion.

  • For a related presentation of inconsistencies in accounts of the alleged Aleppo school bombing by Dr Saleyha Ahsan see here.
  • For a You Tube presentation on some of the issues surrounding BBC Panorama ‘Saving Syria’s Children’ and related BBC News reports see here.
  • For further information on the charity Hand in Hand for Syria see herehere and here.
  • For full background on all these matters see the home page of this blog. 
  • See also Further questions surrounding Ian Pannell’s Syria coverage

Did The BBC Lie? – PDF

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Did The BBC Lie? – PDF of presentation on ‘Saving Syria’s Children’ for Frome Stop War, 1 March 2016

The above link is to a PDF of my recent presentation for Frome Stop War on the 2013 BBC Panorama special ‘Saving Syria’s Children’ and associated BBC News reports.

The video of the presentation is here and has been published by OffGuardian and on Craig Murray’s blog.

Listed below for reference are the video clips/GIF images included in the presentation (click on images to view).

More details of the issues and concerns surrounding ‘Saving Syria’s Children’ can be found on the home page of this blog.

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Slide 4 – Syria crisis: Incendiary bomb victims ‘like the walking dead’ – Ten O’Clock News, BBC One, 29 August 2013.


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Slide 14 – The Truthseeker: Media ‘staged’ Syria Chem Attack, RT, March 2014 (NB this video was not shown in the presentation).


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Slide 30 – Mobile phone footage of response by ‘Saving Syria’s Children’ cameraman, producer and director Darren Conway to question about the time of the alleged incendiary bomb attack, Frontline Club, London, 15 October 2014.


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Slide 71 – Tableau of male alleged casualties.


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Slide 92 – Older woman in distinctive black dress at Atareb Hospital gate with her “father”.


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Slide 98 – Younger woman in distinctive black dress.


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Slide 103 – Seemingly unscathed alleged victim.


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Slide 104 – Unidentified western male.


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Slide 122 – HOSPEX macro simulation, BBC Newsnight, 11 August 2014 (This is the full report as broadcast, rather than the edited version shown in the presentation).


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Slide 153 – Alleged victim resembling Dutch woman who contacted me through Facebook anxious not to be linked to the events of 26 August 2013.

The Napalm d’Or?

A quick quiz.

a) How would you describe this boy’s expression? Not a trick question, just the first word that pops into your head.

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b) And his?

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c) His?

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d) And finally, his?

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If any of your answers were along the lines of “smiling”, “grinning”, “laughing”, “smirking” or similar then, like me, you have some very serious questions to ask of the BBC’s news service.

Because according to the BBC the above individuals are, respectively:

a) The teenage victim of an incendiary bomb attack on an Aleppo school, arriving at a field hospital shortly after having been exposed to a “napalm-type substance”.

b) One of the medics who attended to the “dozens” of burned and dying child and teenage victims of the attack being interviewed the very next day.

c) An alleged eye witness to the attack being interviewed less than a week later.

d) One of the teachers from the school that was allegedly attacked being treated for napalm or thermite burns.

Napalm… or no-palm?

The teenager in the black vest appears fleetingly at 2 minutes 8 seconds in Ian Pannell and Darren Conway’s 29 August 2013 report Syria crisis: Incendiary bomb victims ‘like the walking dead’ – broadcast on the BBC Ten O’Clock News just as parliament was voting on whether to intervene militarily in Syria. [1]

The admittedly fuzzy image of the boy at the head of this piece has been enlarged and brightened from this screencap from the sequence: [2]

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At 31:56 in the BBC Panorama special Saving Syria’s Children, screened a month later on 30 September 2013, the same boy is seen moments after the above frame, apparently hobbling towards the hospital clutching his torn jeans. At 35:15 he appears again, exclaiming “cover me” while allegedly being treated for his injuries by Dr Saleyha Ahsan.

Three of the alleged victims who arrive with the boy also appear in this sequence filmed inside the hospital. Watch it through a couple of times then take a look at the observations made here.

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In the course of complaints correspondence the BBC has conceded that the “boy in the white shirt, second from the right appears relatively unscathed” while claiming that the adolescent in red, Anas Said Ali, “died a few days later in hospital in Turkey”. [3] BBC Complaints has also provided an image of Mohammed Asi – the central figure who makes the pronounced hand gesture – which purports to show him “two weeks after the attack in hospital in Turkey”.

Note too this sequence from Pannell and Conway’s August 2013 report in which alleged victim Ahmed Darwish, his body smeared with white burns cream, appears to nod to someone off-screen prior to turning to address the camera:

Ahmed_Darwish

Two points:

Questions about the image of the apparently grinning teenager have been raised in formal complaints to the BBC Trust on two separate occasions. [5]

Napalm… or facepalm?

This moustachioed medic pops up at various points in the BBC’s footage from the day of the attack, bustling around Atareb Hospital to no very clear purpose, occasionally rubbing shoulders with Dr Rola Hallam.

During the seven minute interview which he provides to the Aleppo News Network the next day [6] (still wearing the same blue V-neck tunic) he appears to succumb to more than one bout of levity (from 12:58 to 13.00 and, more markedly, from 17:22 to 17:29 – see sequence below). This seems – to put it mildly – highly incongruous in someone who had supposedly spent the previous day tending to, according to Dr Ahsan, “up to 40 severely burned people with up to 70 to 80 percent burns, second to third degree”. [7]

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Nay, nay and thrice nay(palm)?

Alleged eye witness to the attack Abu Youssef, interviewed in a video uploaded to You Tube less than a week after the alleged attack, also sets sail for remote shores of counterintuitivity in his jarring response to the supposedly horrific events of Monday 26 August 2013. An Italian subtitled version of the same interview translates Youssef’s words at this point as “The first bomb hit a residential area, the second one a student centre”.

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“The first bomb hit a residential area, the second one a student centre”… Nope, don’t get it.


As with the chuckling medic’s interview above this material was not filmed by the BBC’s Darren Conway. However, it was referenced by BBC Complaints Director Colin Tregear in a letter of 23 April 2014 (see first link at footnote 13, page 5), who uses the video in which Youssef appears to support his claim that “Other material which is available on the internet also appears to suggest that the burns and injuries sustained by the victims were genuine.”

In an earlier segment of the interview Youssef estimates the time of the incendiary attack at between 5.30 and 6.00pm, “more or less” – representing the outlier in the six-hour span on offer, which starts with Human Rights Watch’s assessment of “around midday”, continues with the Violations Documentation Center in Syria’s “02:00 pm” and proceeds to Ian Pannell’s categoric “around 5.30pm at the end of the school day”. That Pannell’s BBC partner Darren Conway, when presented with the full range of options, still seemed undecided adds further fuel to the conflagration of uncertainty around what one might reasonably imagine to be the most basic – and readily verifiable – fact of the entire supposed incident.

(Na)palmed off with amateurs?

The putative school teacher appears in other non-BBC footage posted on YouTube and subsequently screened in Sky News and ITN reports of the alleged attack.

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Initially bridling at the approach of the unidentified cameraman, this rather unlikely pedagogue nevertheless goes on to relate, somewhat woodenly, the events he has supposedly just witnessed:

We have an institute where we teach students. The plane hit a residential area in Urum al-Kubra. We tried to get out quickly so we didn’t get hurt but it seems someone’s fate caught up with them today. A gathering of students formed which is normal as the students needed to leave under these circumstances and the plane hit us. [8] [9]

The “teacher” – identifiable by the triangle of three distinct black marks on his t-shirt – also appears from 33:38 in Saving Syria’s Children, lurching and swaying in what appears an exaggerated manner behind BBC reporter Ian Pannell.

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“Teacher” in non-BBC footage. Note three prominent black marks on t-shirt.


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The “teacher” swaying and lurching in exaggerated manner in BBC’s ‘Saving Syria’s Children’


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The three prominent black marks identify the “teacher” featured in an interview posted on You Tube and shown on Sky and ITN as the weirdly swaying figure in Panorama. 


BBC reporter Ian Pannell (foreground) in shot with the "teacher" in Saving Syria's Children

BBC reporter Ian Pannell (foreground) in shot with the “teacher” in ‘Saving Syria’s Children’


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“We have an institute where we teach students”.


Among some of the other strange performances recorded at Atareb Hospital on 26 August 2013 is this curiously impassive young woman who briefly appears in this You Tube video, the desultory daubs of burns cream on her face presumably indicating that she is to be understood as a victim of the supposed Urm al-Kubra incendiary bomb attack.  (The other young woman in the video, who offers a contrastingly vitriolic performance, bizarrely appears to have borrowed her distinctive dress and scarf from another alleged victim filmed by the BBC earlier in the day).

Alleged_napalm_thermite_victim_Atareb_Hospital_Aleppo_26_August_2013_http_bit_ly_16GapbZ

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Noteworthy too are the strikingly chipper – not to say sinister – Instagram postings of Saving Syria’s Children’s “Fixer/Translator” Mughira Al Sharif around the time of the alleged attack:

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Image dated 26 August 2013, the day of the alleged incendiary bomb attack featured in ‘Saving Syria’s Children’. Mughira Al Sharif was present at Atareb Hospital as the alleged victims arrived.


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Image dated 27 August 2013, the day after Sharif had allegedly witnessed the aftermath of a “mass casualty event” in which dozens of people, including children and teenagers, had supposedly been killed or injured.


The first of Sharif’s Instagram images above, captioned “Somewhere in #syria with some friends”, may not actually have been taken on 26 August 2013. Evidently, however, Sharif found a leisurely moment to upload it to the site on that day, during the morning of which he was chauffeuring Ian Pannell through an ISIS checkpoint on the way to visit a frontline clinic [10] and some time later presumably served in the same capacity as Pannell, Conway and Doctors Hallam and Ahsan journeyed on to Atareb Hospital where they opportunely recorded the dramatic alleged aftermath of the Urm al-Kubra incendiary attack for global BBC audiences.

Clearly Sharif was not so traumatised at witnessing “dozens” of allegedly injured and dying children and teenagers at Atarab that he felt any qualms about posting the second image above – one of several on his Instagram account jocularly celebrating the involvement of children in the Syrian conflict, with captions such as “The youngest revolutionary!” – the very next day. [11]

War photography… or war fiction?

Scepticism over the BBC’s account of the Urm al-Kubra incendiary attack has been widespread since the material was broadcast over two years ago. Scrutiny has been brought to bear by, among others, former UK ambassador Craig Murray and (resulting in a brouhaha with Ofcom) Russian broadcaster RT.

Middle East specialist Dr. Christopher M. Davidson recently observed:

The reference is to the point made in this interview (discussed at greater length here) that BBC Worldwide has been diligently and selectively blocking all copies of Saving Syria’s Children posted to You Tube, ostensibly on copyright grounds (albeit numerous other editions of Panorama remain freely available). [12]

Perhaps this Wikipedia entry offers some historical context within which the enigma of Saving Syria’s Children, and the rationale of its authors, may be considered:

During the American Civil War (1861–65), Haley Sims and Alexander Gardner began recreating scenes of battle in order to overcome the limitations of early photography with regard to the recording of moving objects. Their reconfigured scenes were designed to intensify the visual and emotional effects of battle.[18] Gardner and Mathew Brady rearranged bodies of dead soldiers during the Civil War in order to create a clear picture of the atrocities associated with battle.[19] In Soldiers on the Battlefield (1862) Brady produced a controversial tableau of the dead within a desolate landscape. This work, along with Alexander Gardner’s 1863 work Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter[20] were images which, when shown to the public, brought home the horrific reality of war.[21] 

Notes

[1] As the website OffGuardian notes:

As it happens the motion for intervention was unexpectedly defeated by a narrow majority. If this had not happened the BBC’s footage would unquestionably have served as very timely and useful PR in support of the coming war against Assad.

[2] The screencap was made from the BBC iPlayer copy of a Newsnight retrospective on the parliamentary vote broadcast exactly a year later and submitted as part of a separate but related complaint (which met with mixed but interesting results). The quality of the image, while relatively poor, is nonetheless much better than the results of attempting to capture the same moment from the contemporary BBC News report.

[3] In a Human Right Watch report (p15), Dr Ahsan claims Anas Said Ali died “two weeks later”. The Violations Documentation Center in Syria lists “Anas al-Sayed Ali” and other alleged victims whom the BBC claims died at later dates as having been killed on 26 August 2013, the day of the alleged attack.

[4] Conway was awarded an OBE six months after the broadcast of Saving Syria’s Children.

[5] In an email to the BBC Trust of 5 November 2014 I wrote:

I wish to draw one final matter to the attention of the Trustees before their meeting tomorrow.

In this image (also below and attached) from the BBC One Ten O’Clock News of 29 August 2013, the boy in the black vest at the right of the picture is looking into the camera and grinning broadly. I think any reasonable person can see this plainly.

What possible reason would someone who has just been sprayed with a “napalm-like substance” have for amusement? As noted in my first letter to the BBC on this matter, Kim Phuc, the napalm bombing survivor known from a famous Vietnam War photograph has said “napalm is the most terrible pain you can imagine”.

In its final decision on my complaint about Saving Syria’s Children the BBC Trust cursorily noted the point before going on to state of “a number of additional matters” which I had raised:

…the Committee decided that it would not be appropriate, proportionate or cost effective to conduct an investigation into these additional matters.

Another complainant who had expressly requested that the relevant frames from the original footage be presented to Trustees for their consideration received even shorter shrift, with the Trust merely noting that “ten new allegations” which had not been submitted at earlier stages of the complaint “did not persuade Trustees to change their initial conclusion that Panorama and associated BBC content had depicted events broadly as they occurred.” (A summary of the complainant’s “ten new allegations” is here).

[6] According to a private translation of the reporter/presenter’s words from the start of the Aleppo News Network video.

[7] An Arabic speaking correspondent has further observed of the medic’s interview:

The so called MD with his neat and clean overhaul [sic] said that they were listening through a walky talky to the pilot conversation with the command center (ask any army veteran to tell you how impossible this was).

The other interviewee featured in the Aleppo News Network video – resplendent, incidentally, in a t-shirt bearing the legend “nato Cash” – arguably makes a better fist of suppressing any discordant high spirits:

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The head of a local Syrian team which has investigated the Aleppo “playground napalm bomb”incident writes (Word download) of this section:

At 9:58 Mouhammad, the young man that is interviewed says that he was in his tour guard in the FSA and when they heard that the jet fighters had targeted Urum Al Kubra they got aware that it was “an institute’s working time”, e.g. around 3:00 and 4:00 pm

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In his interview this young boy is saying that he is a fighter. He was on his post. He heard the jet and later was informed that his proper [sic] sister was burnt and taken to Turkey. He did not see her until today. Etc…

[8] Similar summaries are provided by other alleged victims, including Ahmed Darwish and the young woman of Asian appearance claiming to be a teenage student at the school.

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Succinct roundup of events from alleged victim Ahmed Darwish http://youtu.be/7-sBqj_2pRo?t=21m28s


[9] In response to questions about the nature of the school claimed in the reports as the location of the attack, BBC Complaints Director Colin Tregear has written:

My understanding is that the vast majority of schools in Syria have shut down as a result of the ongoing conflict within the country. Many students have not been to school for many, many months. Some private schools have been set up and these are often run from any available premises. In this case I have been informed that the venue was a residential home hired by the headmaster and his colleagues, and they were holding summer courses at the time of the attack  BBC Editorial Complaints Unit Provisional Finding, 23 April 2014 (p10)

In several articles and interviews Dr Ahsan identifies the school as “the Iqraa Institute”. I am advised that the signage seen in this video, shot at the scene a day after the alleged attack, confirms the use of the name “Iqraa” or “Iqra”.

A May 2014 article by Ola Rifai, research fellow at the Centre for Syrian Studies at St. Andrews university, describes how “Iqrà” schools were instituted in eastern Ghouta in 2011 by Salafi fighting group Liwa al-Islam (now Jaysh al-Islam).

The head of a local Syrian team which has investigated the Aleppo “playground napalm bomb”incident reports (Word download):

An “IQRA” center is mobile and will receive Muslim clerics, imposed by the local rebel council, to verify if the “ideas” of the population are in harmony with the religious wahhabi fundamentalism that is adopted by the revolutionaries, let them be [sic] from the Muslim Brotherhood or from Al Qaeda.

Of the supposed school teacher above the lead investigator observes:

This man is said to be the “institutor”. This is in contradiction with the “IQRA” system where the “institutor” is not a civilian professor but a muslim cleric called “Sheikh”.

All the alleged student victims of the incendiary attack in Pannell and Conway’s reports are, with one exception, male. This jars with Dr Ahsan’s subsequent claim to have been alerted to the fact that “something disastrous had happened” by the screams of “young girls”. Ola Rifai’s article observes that in Iqrà schools:

“…female students are not allowed to mix with their male peers.”

Even further at odds with the BBC’s material is the reference apparently made by an opposition fighter in a video shot at Atareb Hospital on the day of the alleged incident to “seven martyrs and about 50 wounded from the religious college for women and girls”.

If we accept the BBC’s claim that the Iqraa Institute in Urm al-Kubra, Aleppo was a home school teaching summer courses, then the presence of a youthful male teacher – teaching either a segregated male or a mixed class – is perhaps unsurprising, as may be the identification of its head teacher as a male, Mohammed Abu Omar.

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Pannell and Conway’s report states “The headmaster doesn’t want to be identified”. He is named by Dr Ahsan as Mohammed Abu Omar.

However if we understand the Iqraa Institute as being part of the Salafi/Wahhabi “Iqrà” franchise described by Ola Rifai and the Syrian investigation team then a number of points become problematic. Would such an establishment permit male staff to teach mixed classes, or to even be on the same premises as female students? Is the casual attire of the “school teacher”and “head teacher” in keeping with the strict Islamic agenda of the Iqrà organisation? Jeans, short sleeved shirts and t-shirts certainly would not seem to match the Syrian investigation team’s references to “Muslim clerics”, who are referred to as “Sheikh”.

And if credence can be attached to the claim of the opposition fighter in the video cited above that the “college” was a) religious in nature and b) exclusively for females, then – quite apart from the questions this raises over the presence of male students in the BBC’s footage – the notion that the Iqraa Institute would be staffed by informally dressed young men would seem even more remote.

[10] BBC Editorial Complaints Unit Final Report, 19 May 2014 (page 2 of download).

[11] Sharif’s Instagram account contains numerous images demonstrating his fervent support for armed opposition forces in Syria, including one in which he is pictured bearing the standard of the Idlib Martyrs Brigade. A 2011 article tells how Sharif helped to found the Syrian Revolution Istanbul Committee and reports his aim as being “to help bring down the Syrian regime”.

In a letter to the BBC of 2 July 2014 Susan Dirgham, National Coordinator of Australians for Mussalaha (Reconciliation), argued that Al Sharif’s involvement in ‘Saving Syria’s Children’ breached BBC Editorial Guidelines. Ms Dirgham’s complaint was rejected as untimely. When the same point was later raised by a British license-fee payer in the course of a live complaint about Saving Syria’s Children the BBC Trust included it among “ten new allegations” which were together dismissed on the grounds that they “did not persuade Trustees to change their initial conclusion that Panorama and associated BBC content had depicted events broadly as they occurred.” See also note [6] above.

[12] Indeed, any You Tube video containing any footage whatsoever from Saving Syria’s Children is swiftly removed by BBC Worldwide, for example this two and half minute montage of excerpts (copy viewable here) had accrued a total of one view before its takedown within hours of being posted in March this year.

You Tube postings of Pannell and Conway’s initial BBC Ten O’Clock News report remain viewable on YouTube, as do several videos comparing the version of Dr Hallam’s interview in that report with that shown in a subsequent BBC report a month later. It may be relevant that in these cases the source news items are permanently filed on the BBC News website whereas Saving Syria’s Children expired on BBC iPlayer on 30 September 2014 (17 October with BSL).

Several You Tube postings of RT’s March 2014 Truthseeker programme Media ‘staged’ Syria Chem Attack, which contains footage from Saving Syria’s Children (albeit overlaid with the channel’s news tickertape) remain available, as does a 35 second excerpt from Saving Syria’s Children on Vimeo.